Many people associate “warehouse” with a dark, dusty building that is filled with boxes and crates. Modern warehouses are a hub of activity that keeps our economy moving. They are clean and bright and keep it busy. These are six types of warehouses that are currently in use.
Many people mistakenly use the terms warehouse and distribution center interchangeably. A warehouse may store items for a long time while a distribution center stores products for a shorter time and has a higher volume of products coming in and out.
Distribution centers are customer-centric. They are often located near the end-user so that they can receive their products quickly and in good condition. Distribution centers may offer additional services such as cross-docking and pick-and-pack services or simple product mixing and packaging. A distribution center provides more services than a warehouse and is equipped with more advanced technology to aid the processes occurring within.
PICK-UP, PACKAGE, & SHIP WAREHOUSE
Pick, pack, and Ship is what happens in a warehouse after an order has been received from either an online or brick-and-mortar shop. A picklist is given to the warehouse, and then automated systems or people search the warehouse for the products. They are then packed and labeled for shipping before being shipped to the customer.
Smart warehouses use interconnected technology and automation to receive and store products, place them in storage, pick them up for orders, ship them and keep accurate inventory counts. Smart warehouses make use of technology to increase production, reduce errors and minimize the number of people required to manage the warehouse.
Cold storage is exactly what it says: It stores temperature-sensitive items at very low temperatures. Cold storage warehouses can be used to prolong the lives of medicine, perishable food, plants, cosmetics, and artwork. Cold storage warehouses can also use refrigerated shipping to inbound or outbound shipping.
On-demand storage is a growing trend in warehouse management. On-demand warehousing allows businesses to connect with warehouses with excess space if they have a temporary, seasonal, or sales spike in need.
A bonded warehouse, also known as “customs” warehouses is a place where imported goods can be stored, manipulated, or undergo manufacturing operations. It is allowed to remain open for five years after acceptance. Because import duty can be high, the bonded warehouse allows products to be sold first and then duty is paid out of the proceeds.
Many types of warehouses perform many functions and provide different services. If you need MHRA approved warehousing UK services, Jarrett can help. To learn more about the warehouses located in Ohio, Indiana, and Pennsylvania, Jarrett can help. We offer warehouse management, inventory, and order fulfillment services that will make your business more efficient and profitable.
GWP and GDP
GWP refers specifically to practices within the company warehouse.
GDP is the transportation and distribution of the product.
- GMP includes Good Distribution Practice (GDP), and Good Warehousing Practices (GWP). GDP refers to the transportation and distribution of the product. GWP refers specifically to the practices within the company warehouse.
- Each GDP and GWP have its legal definitions and regulations. These regulations recognize the potential for product quality to be greatly affected if manufacturing and packaging have occurred.
- This module explains that “GMP” refers to the warehouse’s procedures, rules, and regulations. It includes GMP, GDP, and GWP.
After a product has been delivered to the warehouse, it is not subject to any quality control or inspections. There is no way to stop the product from being delivered to the patient if it is damaged or degraded at this stage. To ensure products arrive safe and in the same condition they were when they left manufacturing, warehouse staff must follow procedures and be well-trained.
Poor warehouse storage conditions and poor handling during transport have led to many product damage cases. Biopharmaceutical products often have temperature-sensitive active ingredients that break down or degrade if exposed to heat or light, thus becoming ineffective.
To ensure the quality of a product, a pharmaceutical warehouse must be managed well and maintained in compliance.
These practices are designed to ensure that goods are received safely, quality is maintained, products are stored properly, picking orders are fulfilled, and the product is shipped to the market. To protect the product’s integrity and stability, these practices must be easily traceable.
GMP rules allow manufacturers to:
- Protect medicines during transport and storage from possible damage
- Avoid exposing the product to extreme temperatures.
- Avoid contamination by other materials and mix-ups
- Assure product identity and traceability
- Do not use time-expired, damaged, or ruined material.
What goes into the warehouse?
These goods are not included on any production bills of materials and have a simplified release and check. They are not often assigned an in-house lot number, although this can vary from one company to the next.
- Non-production consumables (non-GMP material), e.g. toilet paper, stationery
- Processing materials, e.g. Filters, lubricants
- Laboratory reagents (e.g. buffers, chemicals
These items will often have their own QC approval process.
These goods will always be on any production or packaging bill. Each one is subject to GMP quality control procedures and release procedures. Each lot number will be unique for all these goods.
- Chemicals and starting materials for manufacturing
- Packaging components, e.g. Packaging components, e.g., blister pack film, bottles and caps, vials, seals
- Print matter, e.g. Labels, cartons, inserts/leaflets, and pre-printed tubes